Plough Wheel

Horse Drawn Plough Wheel

A wheel in a plough is typically a circular or semi-circular device that is attached to the plough body and provides support and stability as the plough is being used. The wheels help to distribute the weight of the plough evenly over the ground, reducing the amount of force required from the animal to pull the plough, and also allowing the plough to move smoothly over the soil. The number of wheels on a horse drawn plough can vary, with some plough having two or more wheels, while others may have only one. The size and type of wheels used can also vary, with larger wheels typically used on ploughs designed for use in fields with more challenging terrain. The wheels are an important part of the plough and play a crucial role in its overall effectiveness and efficiency.

Features of Plough Wheel

The features of the wheel in a Horse drawn plough can vary depending on the specific design and construction of the plough. However, here are some common features of the wheel in an plough:


The diameter of the wheel can vary depending on the specific plough design and regional practices. It is typically chosen to provide stability, sufficient ground clearance, and ease of movement through the soil.


The wheel is commonly made of sturdy and durable materials such as wood or metal. The choice of material depends on factors such as availability, local traditions, and the desired strength and longevity of the wheel.


The wheel is mounted on an axle, which allows it to rotate freely. The axle may be fixed or designed to allow for adjustment or removal of the wheel if necessary.


The hub is the central part of the wheel where the axle is attached. It provides support and stability for the wheel, ensuring smooth rotation during ploughing.


The spokes are the radial bars that extend from the hub to the outer circumference of the wheel. The number and arrangement of spokes can vary, but they are typically evenly spaced to provide structural support and maintain the wheel’s integrity.


The rim is the outer edge or circumference of the wheel. It is typically reinforced and may be wider than the rest of the wheel to provide stability and prevent sinking into the soil.


The tread refers to the surface of the wheel that comes into contact with the ground. It may feature grooves or other patterns to provide traction and prevent slippage while ploughing.


The wheel may include additional reinforcement elements such as metal bands or brackets. These reinforcements enhance the strength and durability of the wheel, particularly in regions with rocky or challenging soil conditions.

Size of Plough Wheel

The size of the wheel in an plough can vary depending on the specific design, regional practices, and the intended use of the plough. The size of the wheel is typically determined by considerations such as the desired ground clearance, stability, and maneuverability. Here are some general guidelines regarding the size of the wheel in a Horse drawn plough:


The diameter of the wheel can range from small to large, depending on the plough’s design and the specific agricultural practices in a given region. Smaller wheels may have diameters around 30 to 60 centimeters (12 to 24 inches), while larger wheels can range from 90 to 180 centimeters (36 to 72 inches) or more. The diameter is chosen to provide sufficient ground clearance and stability for the plough.


The width of the wheel refers to the measurement from the inner edge of the rim to the outer edge of the rim. It can vary depending on the plough’s design and the desired load-bearing capacity. The width of the wheel contributes to its stability and helps distribute the forces exerted during ploughing. The width can range from around 5 to 15 centimeters (2 to 6 inches) or more.

Rim Size

The rim size is the measurement of the outer edge or circumference of the wheel. It can vary depending on factors such as the overall size of the wheel, regional practices, and the specific ploughing requirements. The rim size is chosen to provide adequate support, stability, and prevent sinking into the soil.

Use of Plough Wheel

In a Horse drawn plough, the wheel serves several important functions. Here are the primary uses of the wheel in an plough:

Depth Control

The wheel helps control the depth at which the ploughing blade or implement cuts into the soil. By adjusting the position of the wheel, the farmer can determine the depth of the ploughing action. This allows for consistent and uniform ploughing across the field, ensuring proper soil preparation for planting or other agricultural activities.

Stability and Balance

The wheel contributes to the overall stability and balance of the plough. It helps distribute the forces exerted during ploughing, minimizing tilting or wobbling of the plough. This stability is important for maintaining a straight and controlled path during ploughing, enhancing efficiency and reducing potential damage to the plough or field.

Load Distribution

The wheel assists in distributing the pulling force applied by the draft animals across the plough. It helps bear a portion of the load, reducing the strain on the animals and ensuring a more even distribution of forces. This promotes smoother ploughing and reduces fatigue on the animals.


The wheel facilitates maneuverability of the plough. It acts as a pivot point or fulcrum, allowing the plough to turn and change direction easily. This is particularly important when navigating corners or making turns at the end of each ploughing row.

Adaptability to Terrain

The wheel enables the plough to adapt to different types of terrain. It helps the plough move smoothly over uneven or undulating surfaces by providing support and ensuring consistent depth control. This adaptability allows for effective ploughing in various field conditions.

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